Sunday, March 15, 2020
Housekeeping and Record Keeping Tasks for Teachers The job of teaching can be divided into six teaching tasks. One of these tasks is dealing with housekeeping and recordkeeping. Each day, teachers must take care of the business of teaching before they begin their daily lesson plan. While required daily tasks might seem monotonous and at times unnecessary, they can be made manageable through the use of effective systems. The main housekeeping and recordkeeping tasks can be divided into the following categories: AttendanceCollecting Student WorkResource and Material ManagementGradesAdditional Teacher Specific Recordkeeping Tasks Attendance Tasks There are two main housekeeping chores related to attendance: taking daily attendance and dealing with students who are tardy. It is very important that you keep accurate attendance records because the situation might arise that the administration needs to use these to determine who was or was not in your class on a particular day. Following are some key tips to remember when taking attendance: Use attendance at the beginning of the year to learn students names.If you have students complete warm-ups at the beginning of each class period, this will give you the time to take attendance quickly and quietly without disrupting learning.Assigned seats can speed up attendance because you can quickly glance at the class to see if there are any empty seats. Tips for Taking Attendance Dealing With Tardies Tardies can cause a lot of disruption for teachers. It is important that you have a system ready and waiting for when a student is tardy to your class. Some effective methods that teachers use to deal with tardies include: Tardy CardsOn Time QuizzesDetention Learn more about these and other methods for dealing with tardy students with this article on Creating a Tardy Policy Assigning, Collecting, and Returning Student Work Student work can quickly balloon into a housekeeping disaster if you do not have an easy and systematic way to assign, collect, and return it. Assigning student work is much simpler if you use the same method every day. Methods might include a daily assignment sheet either posted or distributed to students or a reserved area of the board where you post each days assignment. Some teachers make collecting work completed in class a real time waster without realizing it. Dont walk around the room collecting work unless this serves a greater purpose such as during an exam or to stop a cheating situation. Instead, train the students to do the same thing each time they complete their work. For example, you might have them turn their paper over and when everyone is done pass their work to the front. Collecting homework should be done at the beginning of class to stop students from finishing their work after the bell rings. You might stand at the door and collect their work as they enter the class or have a specific homework box where they are to turn in their work by a certain time. Collecting Homework Tips and Ideas Late and Make Up Work One of the biggest thorns for many new and experienced teachers is dealing with late and make up work. As a general rule, teachers should accept late work according to a posted policy. Built into the policy is a system for penalizing late work to be fair to those who turn their work in on time. The problems arise around how to keep track of late work and ensure that grades are correctly adjusted. Each teacher has their own philosophy about late work though your school might have a standard policy. However, whatever system you use has to be easy for you to follow. Make up work is a different situation entirely. You have the challenge of creating authentic and interesting work on a daily basis which might not translate easily into make up work. Often quality work requires a great deal of teacher interaction. You might find that to make the work doable for the student, you have to create alternative assignments or provide detailed written instructions. Further, these students typically have extra time to turn in their work which can be hard in terms of managing your grading. How to Deal With Late and Make Up Work Resource and Material Management As a teacher, you may have books, computers, workbooks, manipulatives, lab materials, and more to manage. Books and materials have a tendency to walk away quite often. It is wise to create areas in your room where materials go and systems to make it easy for you to check whether all materials are accounted for each day. Further, if you assign books, you will probably want to do periodic book checks to make sure that students still have their books. This will save time and additional paperwork at the end of the school year. Reporting Grades One of the key recordkeeping tasks that teachers have is to accurately report grades. Typically, teachers have to report grades to their administration a couple of times a year: at progress report time, for student transfers, and for semester and final grades. A key to making this job manageable is to keep up with your grading as the year goes on. It can be tough sometimes to grade time-consuming assignments. Therefore, it is a good idea to use rubrics and if possible to space out assignments that require a lot of grading time. One problem with waiting until the end of a grading period to finish grading is that students might be surprised by their grade - they have not seen any previously graded work. Each school will have a different system for reporting grades. Make sure to double check each students grade before finally submitting them because mistakes are much easier to fix before they are finally submitted. Creating and Using RubricsTips to Cut Writing Assignment Grading Time Additional Recordkeeping Tasks From time to time, additional recordkeeping tasks might arise for you. For example, if you are taking your students on a field trip, then you will need to efficiently collect permission slips and money along with organizing buses and substitutes. When these situations arise, it is best to think through each of the steps and come up with a system for dealing with the paperwork. Tips for Field Trips
Friday, February 28, 2020
Project management - sports pavillion at St. George's College - Essay Example PART A INTRODUCTION The project understudy is the construction work to extend and alter the sports pavilion at St GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s College and development of accommodation for Warden in and committee room. This project is taken as the critical opportunity mainly for the following reasons: The college is situated within densely populated area within city; hence, there is high risk associated with the construction work to be completed within defined frame. On-time completion is also critical as work is scheduled within holiday season. Project has high social value for the being provision of services to college. Successful accomplishment of the project is linked with the projects of two more schools. Hence, the project is taken with more responsibility orientation with clientÃ¢â¬â¢s defined framework of task to be accomplished within time (most important), cost, quality and risk. PROCUREMENT ROUTES The procurement of the project is guided by three possible options which are as follows (Curtin University of Technology, n.d.): Traditional Approach Design and Construct Management Fee Each of the mechanism carries suitability for some while costing other. For the under study project; it is suggestible for the client to adopt the procurement route of Design and Construct with complete package by supplier variant. Design and construct entails hiring of the consulting firm (project manager) that develops design for the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s requirement and further hires contractor for the construction services. It will facilitate client with a single point of contact as the management intend to have least involvement in overall construction process. It is also suitable for the college management based on their specification mentioned. Discussed below is the evaluation of the mechanism with respect to set criteria: Time: Fast tracked as the design and the construction can be carried in parallel. It also ensures the completion of the project on date which is very critical in th e case understudy. Cost: It also provides accurate estimate of the cost. Quality: This method is since not as quality oriented as management fee method but ensure quality construction according to the defined needs of required construction. Risk: aligned with the need of the college management, this method also carries minimum risk on part of employer and almost all risk is born by contractor. Given below is the reflection of methods and associated risk: (Curtin University of Technology, n.d.) Hence, the procurement method of design and construct can be justified as the most suiting method to the need of college management with facilitating of a single contractual firm that integrates design and construction expertise and accountability resting within one firm. RISK MANEGEMENT Success of the project is not only dependent on the accuracy of planning but is also dependent on level of consideration given to risk management. Simple to state, risk is the probability of not achieving the stated goal, since single aim of every objective is to accomplish it successfully; hence it requires projects to identify, analyse, asses and manage likelihood and impact
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
H.W - Essay Example At least, security glasses, scientists jacket, long jeans, shut toe shoes, and gloves are obliged when working with particularly risky substances. Business mixtures, trademarked items and so forth should be joined by a part of the Office of Environmental and Occupational Safety if the compound constituents are not promptly identifiable from the name of the item or from the data on the items bundling label. Contaminated Personal Protective Equipment and garments must be discarded or disinfected before expulsion from the assigned work territory. While little spots of sullying may be cleaned in the lab, horribly sullied protective outer layers might need to be discarded as dry risky waste. Quick measures must be accessible to keep the conceivable spread of sullying in the occasion of a little spill of an Particularly perilous substance. Permeable materials and clean up materials ought to be accessible in all research facilities sufficient to hold and clean people and supplies and zones. Any known spills must be held and disinfected at the earliest opportunity. In the occasion of a substantial spill that is past a lab bunches prompt reaction abilities, the accompanying strategies ought to be taken after: Specifically risky substances must be put away in an assigned range and utilized as a part of a way that will minimize the danger of unintentional discharge (e.g., topped firmly, utilization of concoction safe optional regulation, at whatever point conceivable). Lab staff ought to expel chemicals from capacity just as required and return them to capacity when handy. Extra prerequisites for the safe stockpiling of a particular synthetic may be found in the makers directions. At the point when transporting chemicals past the quick the earth, compartments ought to be secured from breakage by utilizing a jug transporter or other compelling regulation. Research centers and rooms
Friday, January 31, 2020
Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effective Evaluation Methods Useful for Evaluating Effective Training Essay Example for Free
Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effective Evaluation Methods Useful for Evaluating Effective Training Essay For over a hundred years the concept of both cost-benefit evaluation and cost-effective evaluation methods has been used for numerous fields and industries to see the positive and negative sides of undertaking a project. These methods has been used to analyze public health; transportation; and etc. Each and every company would rather see more of profits than losses. Employers see that their employees and the trainings are investments to their business. Hence, employers need to have assurances that the trainings that they give out to their employees would be both beneficial to the employers in terms of profit and as well as return of investment (ROI). In order to gain much profit, the employers need to have their employees be up to par with industry standards with avant-garde skills through effective training. Employers do take note that in order to have highly qualified employees they need to give effective and quality training. Using the above mentioned evaluation methods would let the employers know: how much it would cost them to train their employees; the duration of the training Ã¢â¬â would determine the effectiveness and implementation of the skills. Then again these methodologies are not full-proof as there are numerous factors to be taken note of, to guarantee one hundred percent success rate of these trainings such as: the capabilities of their employees, the willingness of their employees to learn these trainings; and finally applying them during operation. The use of these evaluation methods can be a rough guide to corporations and institutions, to name a few, to see the quality and assess projected costs of trainings and steps to be taken. With such projections yielded by these methods one may be on track with their project management and asset management.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Philosophy I have for several years played with the idea of becoming a teacher. I started my college education over twenty years ago and within this period of time, I have had the pleasure of raising my own children and being involved with hundreds of other children at the elementary school level, as a little league coach of basketball and softball. And the most important lesson I learned was that at this stage of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life their self worth and self esteem, are so very important in the building blocks for adolescence and young adulthood. I feel that for a child with good education foundation, the sky is the limit in what they can accomplish in their lifetime. I feel that we lose so many children within our educational system by the sixth grade, because the foundation blocks are not solidly laid. We as teachers must start to rethink the material and content we are using to build these students educational foundation and make sure it is the very best we as educators can give our stude nts. As a pre-service teacher I feel that I would contribute to the education, self-esteem, and self worth of all children that would pass through my classroom. This fact alone is one of the greatest influences on me to enter the teaching profession. This makes me want to give something back. My classroom would be set up in a traditional style, desk in linear rows facing front of classroom, my desk would in a corner position so that I could observe all my students. My bulletin boards would show several different cultures of people and many different lands. Computer and Internet access would be part of my classroom supplement materials, alone with audio/visual equipment. My teaching styles would be a blending of two philosophies, I would use an eclectic style of teaching. Traditional to facilitating, essentialism to progressive, idealism and pragmatism. For I feel is the job of the teacher to create a learning environment for each an every student to make them want to learn.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Which type of department (line or staff) is most important to an organization? Why? Could an organization function without either of them? Why or why not? In every organization, authority is divided in order to make sure the firm is successful. This division ensures that no one department is responsible for everything. As an organization grows, there must be two departments that are given the authority to make decisions to benefit the firm. These are the Line department and the Staff department. While both have management authority, there are certain differences. Line departments Ã¢â¬Å"headed by a line manager, are the departments established to meet the objectives of the business and directly influence the success (profitability) of a business.Ã¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 7) These managers are on the frontline, responsible for producing goods, marketing and distribution. Ã¢â¬Å"Line managers who head such departments exercise line authorityÃ¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 7) Staff departments Ã¢â¬Å"headed by a staff manager, provide assistance to the line departments and to each other.Ã¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 7) These managers are there for support, giving advice, service and assistance. Examples of staff departments may include: the I.T. department, legal or Human recourses. While not directly contributing to the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives, they are there to lend a helping hand. In my experience, it is the line department that is most important to the success and profitability of the company. While it may be agued that without the staff department one couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t market and sell the goods and services produced by the line department. But it is ultimately it is the line department that generates the revenue to sustain the company and there fore is most important. Granted that one cannot function without the other, and it is that synergy that ensures longevity and further success of the organization. Discuss three (3) different methods of effecting change. Why are most organizations and individuals resistant to change? What can managers do to facilitate change? Use practical examples from your experience or knowledge,Ã and describe your experience in implementing change. Effecting change in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s environment can be a daunting task. Many individuals are reluctant to change and react differently when it occurs. Ã¢â¬Å"Most will accept the need to learn new skills and update their knowledge, but most resent efforts to change their attitudesÃ¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 8) To solve this problem Kurt Lewin developed a three-step approach that consists of three phases, unfreezing, change, and refreezing. In the first step unfreezing, mangers must identify and discover the source or cause of the deficient behavior. Ã¢â¬Å"They confront the individual with the behavior and the problem it causes; they then begin to convince the him or her to change by suggesting methods and offering incentives.Ã¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 8) This step is the foundation to helping the insubordinate employee open up an discuss why this deficient behavior is occurring. Often time this causes the employee to become emotional and upset. The second step change, the employee discomfort increases. This will cause the employee to question their reasons for their conduct, it is then that the manager has the chance to provide a role model to foster the preferred behavior. Ã¢â¬Å"As the individual adopts that behavior, performance will improve; but the manager must support and reinforce that behavior if it is to last.Ã¢â¬ (Plunkett, Alan, Attner, 2013, Ch 8) In the third step refreezing, new desired behaviors should be rewarded. Frequent praise at first is important for the continuation of preferred behaviors. Also, if any incentive was promised, then it must be honored. Failure to do so will cause a reversion to old deficient behavior and the manager would have to start again. In my experience, cold calling is a requirement to draw up business. Earlier last year, sales were down. An increase in production was needed to boost our P&L, so management enforced mandatory call nights. Each employee was given a list of clients to set appointments. Many of the veteranÃ employees saw this as a waste of time, and although they attended, did little or no work. Management sat with each of these employees individually to figure out what the cause of the issue was. Management created a reward system in which the employee with the most booked appointments gets a free lunch the next day and the employee with the most booked business from these appointments gets to take off the next two Mondays. This incentive had everyone dialing clients consistently and business increased dramatically. To reinforce these behaviors, a scoreboard was put up and the leading 5 employees numbers were updated weekly. Giving a competitive twist to this approach really helped motivation for pr oduction, especially in sales. References Plunkett, R. W., Allen, S. G., & Attner, F. R. (2013). Ch 7 Organizing Principles, Ch 8 Organizational Design, Culture and Change . Management: meeting and exceeding customer expectations (10th ed., ). : Mason, OH :. Footnotes 1[Add footnotes, if any, on their own page following references. For APA formatting requirements, itÃ¢â¬â¢s easy to just type your own footnote references and notes. To format a footnote reference, select the number and then, on the Home tab, in the Styles gallery, click Footnote Reference. The body of a footnote, such as this example, uses the Normal text style. (Note: If you delete this sample footnote, donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget to delete its in-text reference as well. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s at the end of the sample Heading 2 paragraph on the first page of body content in this template.)
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
In such context, the study has identified 5 responsibilities of each person for sending accurate messages when he or she communicates with someone from another culture. Responsibility 1: it is not humanly possible to translate languages word for word. As a result, using idioms or local jargons might create problem for receiver to understand the meaning of the message. Therefore, sender should avoid using idioms and use phrases that bear most specific denotative meaning for receivers of the message. Responsibility 2: sender of the message should not be distracted by dress, environmental discomforts, appearance of receiver who has different cultural orientation (Thill & BovÃ ©e, 2004). Responsibility 3- conducting prior research on rituals, communication manner and value system prioritized in the culture of message receiver. Based on such cultural study, sender of the message should modify the communication approach (using direct straightforward mode or indirect approach). Responsibi lity 4- if the sender is confident about cultural dynamics of message receiver, then, he/she can use informal communication style (Thill & BovÃ ©e, 2004). Responsibility 5- when placed in an unfamiliar situation, sender of the message needs to be humble and maintain patience to understand the requirements of receiver who belong to different cultural orientation. We will write a custom essay sample on Challenge of Intercultural Communication1 or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Verbal as well as nonverbal communication of the sender of the message should be clear, informative, consistent and honest so that receiver can decode the communicated messages easily (Thill & BovÃ ©e, 2004). Question 2: What is the responsibility of the listener/receiver, when he or she communicates with someone from another culture? Eisenberg, Goodall & Trethewey (2007) and Kinloch & Metge (2014) pointed out that a communication process cannot be completed without the presence of listener/receiver of the message. Without collecting feedback from receiver of the message, sender of the message fails to get the assurance regarding complete understanding of the message for receiver. According to Daft (2009), Ã¢â¬ËNoiseÃ¢â¬â¢ caused by culture misunderstanding may decrease the effectiveness of communication between sender of the message and receiver of the messages. When he or she communicates with someone from another culture, listener/receiver may face three types of noses such as semantic noise, psychological noise, physiological noise and physical noise. In case of intercultural communication, receiver of the message needs to overcome semantic noise and psychological noise.